Terrestrial flora and fauna
The naturalistic heritage of the Archipelago of La Maddalena is composed of more than 900 species, of which 50 endemic, many of them known exclusively in this area of the Mediterranean Sea. The narrowness of the area has given rise to rare associations such as the low formations of Artemisia densiflora and Juniperus phoenicea.
Juniper, Strawberry Tree, Fillirea, Lentisco, Mirto, Erica, Calicotome, Cisto and Euforbia colonize the hinterland, on the coast the widespread Alofile, Alimieti, Salicomieti and Psammofila. All formations able to withstand the strong winds, high temperatures and aridity that characterize the landscape of the entire Archipelago.
On Caprera Island, on the other hand, there are large Pinus pinea pine forests, often used by tourists to relax in the shade of the foliage and enjoy the scents of this beautiful nature.
Fauna also represents a strong value in the environmental heritage of the Archipelago. In fact, in its islands, a large number of migratory birds find shelter, as well as sedentary fauna. Particularly interesting is the presence of the Berta maggiore, the Corsican gull, the Bird of the storms and the Marangone with the tuft but also particularly rare amphibians and reptiles.
Considering only the number of marine and terrestrial vertebrates and invertebrates, the number of species reaches 500 units, which find shelter in these territories, also thanks to the great protection work carried out over the years by the Archipelago Park Authority of La Maddalena.